In my feedback for my first assignment, my tutor has suggested that I try using a different ink, so I have invested in a range of Caligo Safewash inks for this project. She has also suggested that I would benefit from having another go at my still life monoprint as I said I struggled with light and shadow. Having had a chance to use these inks in this project, I am somewhat frustrated that I persisted so long with the acrylic paint with printing mediums for so long. Part of me wants another crack at the first assignment, so I am developing bits as I get time, mainly with leftover ink at the end of each printing session.
I have built myself a simple bench hook from plywood and beading as suggested in the course handbook, and already have an Essdee lino cutting tool with blades. I have an etching press, but have decided that it is an added complication at this point, and sticking with using a large wooden ribbon spool as a baren as it fits perfectly in my hand and works much like a wooden spoon. My tutor has also ponted out that an etching press with it’s rolling action does have a tendency to drag the paper rather than a relief press where the plate is brought down flat.
In researching linocut marks, I took a look at work by Gertrude Hermes, a tutor at the Roal Academy from the 1980’s particularly regarded for her variety of marks. I looked particularly at her ‘Stonehenge’ 1959 print, an edition of which can be found in the study rooms of the V&A. When I am next in London I hope to book some study time with her work, but for now I have had to make do with the internet collection. There are a rich variety of marks in this single piece to convey the texture and history of the subject and I was particularly interested in the negative versus positive marks in the stones. I also had a look at a 1950’s woodcut graphic novel I have called ‘Southern Cross’ by Laurence Hyde as it also features a lovely range of marks in a bold and simple style.
When I started this project I divided an A4 sized sheet of lino into 24 squares and set about filling each square with various marks without paying much heed to the directions in the notes. I just wanted to get used to handling the tools and discover in my own way what marks could be achieved and how. In my piece, I played with negative and positive shapes as well as finer and broader marks and patterns. I moved on to cut a more formal sampler as suggested with a variety of marks in each square using a single tool. In the lower part of the block I looked at ways of shading with various marks, and finished by copying marks depicting the sun and water from ‘Southern Cross’ to see how they could be achieved. Cutting the lino was much easier after warming on the radiator for a few minutes, and as the lino cooled, the blade was more likely to skid causing mistakes. I used a coarse paintbrush to clear the cut lino flecks from the finer grooves.
When it came to printing my blocks, I have to admit to quite a struggle initially. I printed my first block on Somerset Velvet, and after several attempts to get the amount of ink and pressure right, I got a print I was reasonably happy with. Diluting the ink at all with linseed oil was a disaster that I won’t repeat. I used the baren in small spiral actions from the centre, keeping one hand in place all the time to stop the paper from moving.
The tools used are (from top)
Row 1: blade 1 short and light, blade 2 short curves, blade 2 varing depths, blade 3
Row 2: blade 3 shallow cuts, blade 1 deep slow curves, blade 7 shallow bricks, blade 5 angled cuts for woodgrain effect
Row 3: blade 8 rocking and twisting, blade 6 influenced by Stonehenge print, blade 4 rotational cuts gouging, blade 2 clearing space
Row 4: blade 9 shading contours, blade 7 broken checks, blade 1 hatching, blade 3 spirals
Row 5: blade 6 overlapping waves, blade 6 zigzags, blade 3 overlapping leaves in positive and negative, blades 2 6 and 7 checkerboard
Row 6: blade 10 birds, blade 6 florentine tapestry pattern, blade seven random marks, blade 2 in vermicelli pattern.
I am really pleased with this piece and to me the rocking of the blade made marks that looked like ferns or pond weed. The gouged marks pock-marks the lino, which would be useful for stony hard textures. I could also see how larger uncut areas with bold marks needed more inking to not look patchy, and finer marks are easily clogged with too much ink.
I found the printing of my next block was really patchy no matter what I tried and got extremely frustrated. I emailed my tutor for advice who thought that the ink may be too thin or paper too textured. I had another try using Waterford Saunders hot pressed 190gm paper with better results. I learnt from some printmakers at Bovey Tracey Craft festival to put firm pressure on the roller for inking up the roller, but only very light pressure on the block. I spent a lot of time making sure that the block was evenly and well inked up before printing. I think I also have a feel for the sound of the hissing ink when it is at the right thickness on the inking plate now. Finally I have 2 editions which are good prints with clean borders! I have found that the odd annoying stray hessian strand from the side of the block can leave unwanted marks though.
Row 1 (Gouges): from left to right blades 8, 4, 6 and 3
Row 2 (V tools): from left to right blades 10, 9, 2 and 1
Row 3: blade 7 rocking, blade 8 rocking, blade 5 angled cuts, blade 7
Row 4 (linear shading): blade 2, blade 8, blades 7 and 9, various v tools
Row 5 (shading): blade 1 hatched, blade 7, blade 7 in rotational cuts, blade 3
Row 6: sun from Southern Cross blades 1 2 and 4, water from SC blades 1 4 and 10, blade 9, blade 2
I particularly like the rotational marks made by square blade 7, as it achieves nice regular punched out marks, and I felt my experiements with shading worked particularly well. I can see this sampler being a very useful reference image for future work.
With the walk behind me, I am acting on the suggestion of the OCA TV group and recording each section of the walk in my learning log. I was walking with my friend Angie Lardner who kept me moving rather than letting me take too many photographs. I also found that two pairs of eyes enabled us to see what the other missed. These notes are recording my thoughts and feelings at being in the landscape that is part of my family history. The photographs I did take were mainly for reference. I will return to retake some when the conditions and viewpoints are optimal. The hardest task will be to take this account and extract from it a simple, understandable and interesting photo essay.
Wednesday 23 September 2015 – Bordon, Hampshire to South Harting, West Sussex
This section of the walk takes me from my present home where I have lived over a period of 29 years, first for 6 years and again for 13 years since 2002. During my first stay, I learned from my Aunt, (my Dad’s oldest sister) that my Grandparents lived in Bordon and my Aunt was born in Whitehill. Subsequent research into James Down’s Army record confirmed this and he served at Longmoor Camp. My Aunt was born on 5th January 1907. Although the record shows that she was born in Bordon, at that time the camps at Bordon and Longmoor were quite primitive so it is likely that as expectant parents, my grandparents may have been billeted with civilians in Whitehill. A lot has changed in the village since 1907 but one thing that was certainly there was the Bronze Age round Barrow, now surrounded by houses, the main road and the village hall.
Also at this time, 2nd Corporal James Down was re-engaged to serve 21 years with the colours, his record being annotated and signed by the Captain OC 8 Railway Co Royal Engineers at Longmoor. The Woolmer Instructional Railway which was being built by the Engineers at Longmoor was a 9 mile loop of track and marshalling yards built to train soldiers in the use of a railway for supplies and troop movements on campaigns.
The track bed survives and serves as an access road to the Longmoor Ranges and is used regularly by military vehicles and civilians for walking and cycling. Once we had walked the main road down to Whitehill we turned east on the track towards a pedestrian bridge to take us across the A3 and onto the public bridleway over Weaver’s Down. All of the landscapes in this area are heathlands, conifer and silver birch with heathers, gorse and broom. The soil is light and sandy, not supporting much more than permanent pasture where it has been claimed for agriculture. South of Weaver’s Down the OS map tells me that the line of the Roman Road from Chichester to Silchester crosses our path.
The line of this road has been extrapolated from ariel surveys carried out in 1949 and evidence of earthworks on the ground. Interestingly, the main road in the centre of Longmoor Camp follows the line of the road and in several places, my route follows the line closely. Archaeological excavations that my father carried out on Roman Villas on the West Dean Estate in the Chilgrove Valley re-enforce my close family connection to this route.
Passing the edge of the Military training area as we walked south, we joined the Sussex Border Path, crossed the main Portsmouth – Waterloo railway line and walked into Rake, crossing the old A3 route, identifying an old milepost, upon which we could only identify the the numerals 17.
Looking at the map and tracing the old A3 route south-west is the approximate distance in miles to Portsmouth. At this point, the old Roman road lies just under 2 miles (3km) away to the east. Continuing south below a wooded escarpment, still following the border path between Sussex and Hampshire, we crossed another main route, the A272 at Durleighmarsh and at Wenham Common crossed the now dismantled Petersfield to Midhurst Railway line which operated between 1864 and 1955. Turning away from the Border Path at West Harting we came to the tree clad north side of Torberry Hill. The land here is in private hands with no public access granted by the landowners, Buriton Estates so it was not possible to visit the site of the 1958 excavations at the Iron Age Hill Fort that were the start of our family association with the archaeology of West Sussex. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Torberry_Hill
During the summer of 1958, my parents, sister and I camped on the hill and helped with the excavations. I can recall that this dig also extended into the autumn and I spent several Sundays with my father on the hill. My abiding memory was sitting on the steep southern slope looking over the village church at South Harting, whistling loudly to hear the echo around the valley. My love of the Downs probably started at this time. Being brought up on the coastal plain, hills were a novelty but always in the background. From my bedroom window I could see Trundle Hill with its three masts looking like cricket stumps. It seemed so remote but was in fact, only 10 miles away.
We passed to the east of the hill on the lane and then crossed fields towards Church Farm and rested in the churchyard with a cup of tea before driving home. There are several folk tales associated with Torberry Hill. It is said to be formed from the the Devil’s spoon which he cast aside in anger when he burned his lips while tasting hot punch from the Devil’s Punchbowl. Rumours of buried treasure on the hill have given rise to rhymes which state:
“Who knows what Tarberry would bear,
Would plough it with a golden share”
Perhaps this is linked with the activities of fairies who reputedly dance there on Midsummer Eve.
Thursday 24 September 2015 – South Harting to Lavant
Todays walk started with a climb to the top of Harting Down, overlooking Torberry Hill to the north. We made our way through woodland to the south, skirting the Uppark estate and on to Apple Down.
This was another significant site for my father and his team of archaeologists from 1982 – 87. Topped by a small reservoir at a height of 174 metres, it is an unremarkable hill but the remains of two Saxon Cemeteries were found on it’s northern slope and provided a valuable historical insight into the social structure of late Romano British and early Saxon society. From the top of Apple Down to the south west a view of Portsmouth and the Isle of Wight opened up as we made our way to the to the small church at Up Marden dedicated to St Michael.
We took a tea break here on a bench in the churchyard where my father chose to have his ashes buried. A commemoration stone on the wall marks the spot.
From Up Marden, our path took us down the face of the chalk escarpment, through trees and across meadows through a herd of Galloway cattle to the village of East Marden. Climbing up another escarpment, East Marden Hill which quickly becomes the long crescent shaped Bow Hill and runs north/south along the Chilgrove Valley terminating at Kingley Vale. I’m not sure if the hill is named for its shape or because of its groves of Yew trees which would have provided the wood for the longbows of the English archers in times past. Past Bow Hill farm the vistas open up and the forestry plantations on Whitedown and Warren hanger can be seen to the east.
From this point, we walk into the woodland of Blackbush copse and the Kingley Vale National Nature Reserve. This is another area that we frequently visited as children with my parents. At Goose Hill Camp, another Iron Age Hill Fort on the side of Bow Hill, my father’s pre-war interest in Archaeology was revived when he joined the Excavation team of J R Boyden in 1955 as a volunteer. I tried to find the earthworks and ditches but as they are covered by low growing yews and undergrowth, I was not successful on this occasion but did find them and photograph them later.
Below Goose Hill Camp, alongside the B2141 lies the remains of a Roman Villa which my father excavated over an extended period from 1963 along with another site to the north east alongside Hylter’s Lane.
A brief stop was made for lunch at a point on the path that afforded views to the south and east over Lavant, Goodwood, Chichester and the coast at Bognor Regis. I’m sure when we were young the undergrowth and the trees at the southern end of hill were short enough for us to sit and picnic on the slope and take in the view while sitting down. We quickly reached the trig point on Bow Hill (206 m) and shortly after a round barrow and the two large burial mounds known as the Devils Humps.
Rather than take the steep slope down into Kingley Vale we skirted around Stoke Down taking the farm track which led us past the information centre for the National Nature Reserve, across the end of the Chilgrove Valley with a view of Bow Hill, to the B2141 at Welldown Farm.
Crossing over to Binderton Lane, we made our way past Binderton House, across the A286 onto the track bed of the former Chichester to Midhurst railway line now known as the Centurion Way.
This line was opened in 1881 and operated with passengers until 1935 and goods only until 1951 when a section of the embankment south of Midhurst was washed away causing a crash which closed the Cocking to Midhurst section. The line operated between Chichester and Cocking for two more years but terminated in Lavant in 1953. This was a general goods line until 1968 and served as a transport for sugar beet and then the Lavant Gravel pit until 1991. The Centurion Way was opened in 2003.
The track bed has been built over for a short section. The trail passes through a housing estate until the site of the former station next to the bridge over the A286. It then continues to Chichester Westgate. At the railway bridge, we found a footpath into the village and ended our walk in Lavant.
Friday 2 October – Lavant to Rose Green, Bognor Regis via Sidlesham Quay
Today’s walk was a solo effort. Angie had a game of golf waiting. I left the car in Lavant and walk along the Centurion way into Chichester. On the way I passed under the bridge which carries Brandy Hole Lane across the track.
This was very close to my maternal grandparent’s home in Summersdale and I can recall we often used to walk from The Broadway along this lane as a child. I can remember we always looked over the parapet of the bridge and I think I can remember seeing a train passing at least once.
Very close to the copse here is an earthwork, possibly Iron age in origin where we used ride our bikes up and down the steep banks. There are several memorable places in this area that I will return to photograph, including my grandparent’s house and the Rousillion Barracks Guardhouse.
It is at this barracks that my other grandfather James Down, transferred from the East Kent Regiment to the Royal Engineers in 1898. The walk into Chichester, mostly in a cutting with trees, ends when the Centurion Way reaches Westgate by the Bishop Luffa School playing fields. From here it is a quick walk eastwards into the city where my memories are full of the sites that my father excavated over his career lasting many decades. It is unfortunate that as a teenager, I took very little interest in them although my sister and I were very often ‘conscripted’ to help, usually on a Sunday and not willingly. My plan was always to offer to wash the volunteer’s cars, making some pocket money, and when that job was finished, I would go off and explore the city, which in the late 50’s and early 60’s was very quiet. (long before Sunday Trading)
As I walked towards the Westgate, I passed the Old Tannery, where I believe the Archaeological Unit was housed at one time. During the late seventies my father stopped being a volunteer and became the Director of Archaeology for Chichester. All of my experiences were very early on and as I made my way into the city I was recalling the places where I had worked with him. The Theological College Garden, The Bishops Palace Garden, Gough’s Art shop, Morant’s Department store, David Grieg’s; all were places that, in the process of redevelopment left exposed ground which had to be excavated before building work could continue. Again, I shall return to city later to see how I can interpret this idea. I did take a quick tour of the Bishops’ Palace Garden which is open to the public.
It affords a good view of the cathedral. From here, I followed the course of the River Lavant and the line of the Roman Walls to Southgate, stopped to photograph the Chichester Court building (father was also a JP and sat on the district bench of the Magistrates Court for many years) but my main reason for photographing here was the memory of the day that Mick Jagger and Keith Richards appeared in court on drugs charges.
I was supposed to be on day release at Chichester College but a friend and I decided to queue for a seat in the public gallery. Unfortunately, the queue was longer than the space available so I cannot claim to have been in court to see the proceedings.
My route now took me across the railway line (over the footbridge where on one of my Sunday jaunts, I used to stand and watch the trains pass, hoping to see one of the few steam trains running on the Southern Railway).
This next section of the walk was alongside the Canal Basin and on the towpath of the Chichester Ship Canal to Hunston. Another branch of my family, my mother’s Grandfather Edward Frogbrook was a seaman from nearby Bosham. During an internet search a few years ago, I found his name on a ship’s list for the port of Shoreham. In 1881, at the age of 17, he was an Ordinary Seaman on board “Forager of Portsmouth”. A subsequent search of the library aboard the Dutch Schooner “Oosterschelde” revealed a book about coastal schooners in which “Forager” was mentioned as a coal carrier which carried coal to Chichester. Alongside the canal basin, up until the late sixties, there was a gas works. It is likely that Great Granddad Ned was a frequent traveller on the canal which links Chichester Harbour with the city.
I can remember walking the towpath from Chichester to Birdham on a hike with a school friend. This was unusual because usually, we cycled everywhere. This must have been one of my first ever self planned walks.
This section of the towpath is only about 2 Km and I was soon at Hunston on the B2145 Selsey Road for a short section and turned left onto a lane leading to the church, Church Farm and the Manor House. From here the lane became a footpath, leading across flat agricultural land to South Mundham. This area is well known for growing vegetable crops on the rich clay soils of the coastal plain. I walked through the remains of a crop of courgettes on my way to Fishers Farm.
The day was cool and bright with a low sun which made very pleasant walk. At other times, this can be a very bleak and windswept place. As a family, we often cycled the 6 miles between Chichester and Rose Green. In the winter, the final section between Lagness and Sefter Farm off the B2166, was always hard work being buffeted by the SW wind. There were not many people about but I did chat to some dog walkers on my way and saw some mini buses parked in a field of sweet corn. The harvesters were invisible. I had chosen to include Sidlesham Quay on my walk because this area was home to my maternal grandfather’s family who were included in my Assignment 2 on Remembering. As a family we also visited Pagham Harbour Nature Reserve and sometime made the journey around the harbour edge to Sidlesham Quay and visited one of my Mum’s uncles (Uncle Sam I think) who lived nearby.
The path to Sidlesham Quay was straightforward enough. Past Honer Farm, the land use changed to rough pasture. This part is low lying and quite wet. Pagham Harbour is now silted up and the Quay at Sidlesham has long been out of use. The Nature Reserve preserves the unique saltmarsh habitat and is an RSPB reserve. As a sixth former I undertook an environmental project on the harbour’s shingle bank for my A Level in Biology.
When I reached the Quay, I sat for a while to eat lunch and then took the rather wet and muddy path around the edge of the saltmarsh to the Pagham Wall, a sea defence which protects the land around the Pagham Rife from the sea.
There were more people here, quite a lot of birdwatchers and photographers. At the end of the wall, I turned inland again towards Nyetimber, across the fields, through the village, past the former Windmill and though housing estates to my Mother’s home in Raleigh Road. As I took my boots off at the front door, I looked out across the road to the Rose Green Primary School, where I was a pupil from 1954 – 60. I took out my camera and photographed the view of the school and carefully included the classroom where, in 1960, a student teacher on teaching practice from the Bognor Regis College of Education, introduced us to photography and showed us how to make a pinhole camera…
With the walk now behind me and perhaps just one more day of photography down at the end of the walk to fill in the gaps, this review of the route and the photography has given me some ideas for a less complex topic for my essay. However I am conscious of the time I have taken so far, the 31 October deadline and my impending holiday from 11 November – 2 December. My topic for the essay is tending towards the ancient monuments and sites of historical significance within the landscape that my father worked on during his career.