Sectionalism Civil War Essay Introduction

Sectionalism was in fact a major element of the civil war. At the risk of oversimplifying, the strongest conflict was between the Northeastern industrial states (New England, New York, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey), and the "South,"( basically the 11 states that made up the Confederacy). In addition, there were two other sections: the Midwest, and border states such as Maryland, Delaware, Kentucky, and Missouri.

President Thomas Jefferson (a Virginian), feared that the Midwestern states (and "Middle South: states such as Tennessee and Mississippi), might try to break away from the 13 colonies and form a connection, either among themselves, along the Ohio and Mississippi rivers, or with British Canada over the Great Lakes, and down the St. Lawrence River. That's why he was so eager to purchase New Orleans to mollify them. (He actually made the "Louisiana" purchase.)

Other Southerners initially felt that the "agricultural" (food-producing) Midwest would find common cause with the "agricultural" (cash crop) South against Northeastern industrial and banking interests. In this regard, the Mississippi River might unite the Midwest and South, against the Northeast.

But the building of the Erie canal connecting the Great Lakes and the Hudson River pushed the Midwest agricultural trade to the Northeast. The Midwesterners found that Northeasterners needed more (and paid better for) their wheat than the South, which preferred its own corn. Also, Northeastern woolens suited the cold climate Midwest better than Southern cotton (in the days before central heating).

And Midwesterners felt that southern slave (and cash crop) agriculture undercut their (food) farming practices, and therefore considered the South competitive with, rather than complementary to themselves. Hence, the Midwest ultimately sided with the Northeast in the Civil War.

The rift between slave and free agriculture was particularly acute in the border states, e.g. in Missouri, and in Maryland between the pro-union Piedmont and the pro-slavery Tidewater regions. Most of the above mentioned border states had mini "civil wars" that were resolved in favor of the North. West Virginia "seceded from secession" (Confederate Virginia) and joined the North.

In the end, three regions, the Northeast, Midwest, and border states, plus the isolated western states of California and Oregon joined together and "ganged up" against the 11 Confederate states, thereby giving the civil war its character.

Sectionalism In America Essay

Sectionalism

Sectionalism

From the start of American Union after the greatest revolution, American coalition struck itself on the disputes over regional favoritism which led to Civil War in a long run. On the inner level U.S. had divided itself on three major regions: West, South and North. Each of those regions had its own principal upon which its support was based. This apparent transition from a National Union to the division was based on the early birth of sectionalism starting from 1820's over large issues associated with growing expansion of the country. Major disputes between each region were craving over slavery, states rights, tariffs and national improvements which ultimately led to development of sectional interest in early 1820's.

The first and the far largest cause of sectionalism evolvement was slavery. Slavery was a dispute between Northern and Southern states from the beginning of the American Union. From the start the questions were plunging over difference of viewpoint of Constitution. They led to development of compromises and later on the limits of the expansion of slavery. Slavery trade had to end in 1808 and presumably it had to die off as the importation of slave supply has blocked. On the other hand, slavery had become a very profitable institution with a development of cotton gin by Eli Whitney. This instrument increased the output of processing cotton by faster separation of seed from cotton. As the prices of cotton sky rocketed from 1815 to 1818, the increased demand of this material was associated with a high European demand after the War of 1812. As a result, the factors contributing to higher processing of cotton expanded the slavery to the new regions of U.S. because the output was increased which led to a higher profits associated with high prices of cotton. Along with expanding slavery the prices on slaves arose. Especially high were the prices on female slaves since they could produce the slaves. The high demand for more slaves on plantation associated with need for work worse to produce cotton turned into the inter slave trade between the states. As the international slave trade was closed inter state slave trade nourished slavery which prevented the death of this institution. The unexpected happened which contradicted believes of founding fathers when slavery expanded to the new regions of U.S. Thomas Jefferson who was one of the founding fathers suggested that slavery was unjustifiable institution, but it couldn't be touched since self-preservation was laid in it (Doc D). Jefferson was...

Loading: Checking Spelling

0%

Read more

Territorial Expansion in the United States From 1800-1850

787 words - 3 pages From 1800 to 1850 territorial expansion tore the United States apart. Territorial expansion itself was not a debated issue. Spurred by the concept of Manifest Destiny, almost everyone believed that America should extend from sea to shining sea and maybe even farther. But it was the issue of the expansion of slavery into the new territories that pitted the North against the South and split our nation apart.The first real crisis over...

This essay discusses how the theme of nationalism was more prevalant than sectionalism during the presidential administrations of Monroe and Adams.

1327 words - 5 pages During the presidential administrations of Monroe and Adams, the theme of nationalism is more prominent than the theme of sectionalism. Nine Examples of this are the Rush-Bagot Agreement of 1817, the Erie Canal, Noah Webster's American Dictionary, Samuel Slater, the National Road, Industrialization, The Monroe Doctrine in 1823, the Convention...

Political and Economic Changes After the War of 1812

730 words - 3 pages Andrew Jackson looked on toward a new democracy after his victory at New Orleans. The changes in this time period, after the war of 1812, would send America into a troubled future. The Post war political and economic changes would prove to be another stepping stone in America's evolving democracy. The political changes after the War of 1812 would redefine America's newly founded Democracy and contribute to a greater...

"A house divided against itself cannot stand" Explain the significance of this quote stated by Abraham Lincoln and how it relates to to sectionalism of its time.

628 words - 3 pages Throughout the history of the United States there have been ups and downs, problems and solutions and separations and reunions. As sectionalism became a common trend in 19th century America, problems between certain groups in the union began to rise. As these divisions grew, it was obvious that inevitable hostilities would threaten the structure of the union. When the United States fell into sectional quarrels, the base of the union began to...

Steinbeck Vs Keouac, A View Of America

849 words - 3 pages Steinbeck vs. Kerouac, a View of America On the Road and

Slavery As A Necessary Evil

866 words - 3 pages Slavery as a Necessary Evil It is inevitable that with the mention of slavery emotions will be aroused within whoever is present. Today most people look at slavery as one of the biggest mistakes our country has ever made. However, some will say they can see positives within the topic. It is the obvious nature and cycle of life that everything is not perfect and mistakes must be made to learn valuable lessons. Appalled by any notion of slavery...

A Hald Century of Progress, based on the book The Nation Takes Shape by Marcus Cunliffe

1048 words - 4 pages The period of time from 1789-1837 marked a new beginning in the history of America. After a daunting war for independence, the United States emerged as a new power in the world, rapidly growing and gaining strength. The task for the Americans now was to successfully create and enforce a democratic government, which had never before existed on such a large scale. In order to reach this goal, America had to "take shape" and grow...

This essay is about Andrew Jackson and the Jacksonian era.

528 words - 2 pages The Age of Andrew Jackson was an exciting time to be living in. America was still carving out its way among the various nations of the world. Many people say that it is the man who makes the times. This was quite the case with Andrew Jackson. During the

American Unrest In the Civil War

1314 words - 5 pages Beginning in the late 1700's Americans colonists began to want more freedom. This led to the American Revolution and to many changes in the government. Although, not all of the Americans were happy with the way things turned out. This created a period, between1850 and 1890, of social, political, and economic unrest.In the years leading up to, through, and after the Civil War the social pattern of America changed. Many Americans didn't...

Was the War of 1812 a Second war for independence for America?

584 words - 2 pages The War of 1812 was a major turning point in American history in that it moved America from Jefferson's Republicanism, as well as any signs of Federalism, and towards Jacksonian democracy. The War of...

The Failure of James Buchanan

1728 words - 7 pages In 1856, a Presidential election occurred in the United States at a crucial period. Sectionalism was at an all time high and a leader was needed to unite the country. However, the man who won the election did not prove to be this leader. Instead, his platform was based on a deliberate failure to lead. Due to James Buchanan’s position that supported popular sovereignty in the expanding United States, the country divided even further over the topic...

Comments

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *